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Dysregulated Lymphocyte Antigen Receptor Signaling in Common Variable Immunodeficiency with Granulomatous Lymphocytic Interstitial Lung Disease. J Clin Immunol 2023 Aug;43(6):1311-1325



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85153408410 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)


PURPOSE: A subset of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients either presents with or develops autoimmune and lymphoproliferative complications, such as granulomatous lymphocytic interstitial lung disease (GLILD), a major cause of morbidity and mortality in CVID. While a myriad of phenotypic lymphocyte derangements has been associated with and described in GLILD, defects in T and B cell antigen receptor (TCR/BCR) signaling in CVID and CVID with GLILD (CVID/GLILD) remain undefined, hindering discovery of biomarkers for disease monitoring, prognostic prediction, and personalized medicine approaches.

METHODS: To identify perturbations of immune cell subsets and TCR/BCR signal transduction, we applied mass cytometry analysis to peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy control participants (HC), CVID, and CVID/GLILD patients.

RESULTS: Patients with CVID, regardless of GLILD status, had increased frequency of HLADR+CD4+ T cells, CD57+CD8+ T cells, and CD21lo B cells when compared to healthy controls. Within these cellular populations in CVID/GLILD patients only, engagement of T or B cell antigen receptors resulted in discordant downstream signaling responses compared to CVID. In CVID/GLILD patients, CD21lo B cells showed perturbed BCR-mediated phospholipase C gamma and extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation, while HLADR+CD4+ T cells and CD57+CD8+ T cells displayed disrupted TCR-mediated activation of kinases most proximal to the receptor.

CONCLUSION: Both CVID and CVID/GLILD patients demonstrate an activated T and B cell phenotype compared to HC. However, only CVID/GLILD patients exhibit altered TCR/BCR signaling in the activated lymphocyte subsets. These findings contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms of immune dysregulation in CVID with GLILD.

Author List

Lui VG, Ghosh T, Rymaszewski A, Chen S, Baxter RM, Kong DS, Ghosh D, Routes JM, Verbsky JW, Hsieh EWY


Amy Rymaszewski PhD Research Scientist I in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
James Verbsky MD, PhD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Leukocytes, Mononuclear
Lung Diseases, Interstitial
Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
Signal Transduction