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Shroom3 contributes to the maintenance of the glomerular filtration barrier integrity. Genome Res 2015 Jan;25(1):57-65

Date

10/03/2014

Pubmed ID

25273069

Pubmed Central ID

PMC4317173

DOI

10.1101/gr.182881.114

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84920650331   31 Citations

Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identify regions of the genome correlated with disease risk but are restricted in their ability to identify the underlying causative mechanism(s). Thus, GWAS are useful "roadmaps" that require functional analysis to establish the genetic and mechanistic structure of a particular locus. Unfortunately, direct functional testing in humans is limited, demonstrating the need for complementary approaches. Here we used an integrated approach combining zebrafish, rat, and human data to interrogate the function of an established GWAS locus (SHROOM3) lacking prior functional support for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Congenic mapping and sequence analysis in rats suggested Shroom3 was a strong positional candidate gene. Transferring a 6.1-Mb region containing the wild-type Shroom3 gene significantly improved the kidney glomerular function in FHH (fawn-hooded hypertensive) rat. The wild-type Shroom3 allele, but not the FHH Shroom3 allele, rescued glomerular defects induced by knockdown of endogenous shroom3 in zebrafish, suggesting that the FHH Shroom3 allele is defective and likely contributes to renal injury in the FHH rat. We also show for the first time that variants disrupting the actin-binding domain of SHROOM3 may cause podocyte effacement and impairment of the glomerular filtration barrier.

Author List

Yeo NC, O'Meara CC, Bonomo JA, Veth KN, Tomar R, Flister MJ, Drummond IA, Bowden DW, Freedman BI, Lazar J, Link BA, Jacob HJ

Authors

Brian A. Link PhD Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Caitlin C. O'Meara PhD Assistant Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Alleles
Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Animals, Congenic
Animals, Genetically Modified
Cloning, Molecular
Exons
Female
Genetic Loci
Genetic Variation
Genome-Wide Association Study
Glomerular Filtration Barrier
Humans
Kidney Diseases
Male
Microfilament Proteins
Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
Molecular Sequence Data
Plasmids
RNA, Messenger
Rats
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Zebrafish
Zebrafish Proteins
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0