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Evidence that the acetyltransferase Tip60 induces the DNA damage response and cell-cycle arrest in neonatal cardiomyocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol 2021 Jun;155:88-98



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Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85102458794 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   4 Citations


Tip60, a pan-acetyltransferase encoded by the Kat5 gene, is enriched in the myocardium; however, its function in the heart is unknown. In cancer cells, Tip60 acetylates Atm (Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated), enabling its auto-phosphorylation (pAtm), which activates the DNA damage response (DDR). It was recently reported that activation of pAtm at the time of birth induces the DDR in cardiomyocytes (CMs), resulting in proliferative senescence. We therefore hypothesized that Tip60 initiates this process, and that depletion of Tip60 accordingly diminishes the DDR while extending the duration of CM cell-cycle activation. To test this hypothesis, an experimental model was used wherein a Myh6-driven Cre-recombinase transgene was activated on postnatal day 0 (P0) to recombine floxed Kat5 alleles and induce Tip60 depletion in neonatal CMs, without causing pathogenesis. Depletion of Tip60 resulted in reduced numbers of pAtm-positive CMs during the neonatal period, which correlated with reduced numbers of pH2A.X-positive CMs and decreased expression of genes encoding markers of the DDR as well as inflammation. This was accompanied by decreased expression of the cell-cycle inhibitors Meis1 and p27, activation of the cell-cycle in CMs, reduced CM size, and increased numbers of mononuclear/diploid CMs. Increased expression of fetal markers suggested that Tip60 depletion promotes a fetal-like proliferative state. Finally, infarction of Tip60-depleted hearts at P7 revealed improved cardiac function at P39 accompanied by reduced fibrosis, increased CM cell-cycle activation, and reduced apoptosis in the remote zone. These findings indicate that, among its pleiotropic functions, Tip60 induces the DDR in CMs, contributing to proliferative senescence.

Author List

Wang X, Lupton C, Lauth A, Wan TC, Foster P, Patterson M, Auchampach JA, Lough JW


John A. Auchampach PhD Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
John W. Lough PhD Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Michaela Patterson PhD Assistant Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Tina C. Wan PhD Research Scientist II in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals, Newborn
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
DNA Damage
Disease Models, Animal
Gene Expression
Lysine Acetyltransferase 5
Mice, Transgenic
Myocardial Infarction
Myocytes, Cardiac
Wound Healing